Table of Contents

Introduction

Since 2002, SAS has provided Pennsylvania educators and policymakers with a powerful tool to determine—grade by grade and subject by subject—whether all students have plentiful choices and increased opportunities for learning. PVAASanalyses follow the growth of individual students over time to:

  • Assess a group of students' growth in LEAs/districts, schools, and classrooms; and

  • Provide trajectories for individual students toward critical academic benchmarks.

Through the Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE), this reporting is available to every public school district and school based on the statewide Pennsylvania System of School Assessments (PSSA) and Keystones by means of a secure web application.

The value-added estimates provided by PVAAS are based on a robust and reliable methodology. This important approach overcomes many critical statistical issues related to using standardized tests to assess student growth and mitigates concerns about fairness.